Uncommon Valor by Stephen L. Moore

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Uncommon Valor: The Recon Company That Earned Five Medals of Honor and Included America’s Most Decorated Green Beret (Naval Institute Press, 422 pp.; $23.14 Hard, $21.96 Kindle) is a Vietnam War history book for the ages.

More bluntly put: The book is a helluva good war story. In this recon world things went right about half the time. Sometimes a well-conceived plan would fail and people died. Sometimes an audacious plan would work like a charm. That world was no reasonable place to go, but it was exactly where young, fit, tough guys wanted to be.

Stephen L. Moore, the book’s author, really has his stuff together. Readers will find interesting stories of combat or intrigue on page after page. He assembled this history based on interviews with men who were on the scene, along with citations for awards, official reports, archival material, newspaper and magazine articles, memoirs, secondary sources, and personal records. Moore has written seventeen other history books about World War II and Texas.

Uncommon Valor portrays the exploits of a small collection of American men from Army Special Forces, Navy SEALs, Air Force personnel, and CIA field agents in the Vietnam War supplemented by indigenous people. They all secretly operated behind enemy lines in Laos and Cambodia.

Code-named the Studies and Observations Group (SOG) and stationed at Forward Operating Base No. 2 (FOB-2) near Kontum in the Central Highlands, SOG reported directly to the Joint Chiefs and the White House. The main mission was to disrupt North Vietnamese operations along the Ho Chi Minh Trail. They also took part in downed pilot and POW rescue missions.

The book recreates the history of FOB-2 beginning with its original thirty-three Green Berets. Because a significant amount of paperwork was destroyed to maintain secrecy, Moore centers his account on the activities of five Medal of Honor and eight Distinguished Service Cross recipients whose actions were thoroughly documented.

Moore bestows the greatest recognition on SFC Robert L. Howard, one of America’s most decorated warriors. Howard served in the Army for thirty-six years and retired as a colonel. His exploits, along with similar actions performed by other men from FOB-2, defy logic and the odds. As Moore tells the story, every man from FOB-2 was a hero.

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Stephen Moore

The SOG program demanded the most competent warriors available, and fortunately those who were best qualified volunteered for the task. Photographs, a glossary of terms, notes, bibliography, a roster of SOG troops at FOB-2, and an index round out the book’s structure.

I was only vaguely aware of SOG before reading Uncommon Valor and found it highly informative. I believe even those familiar with SOG might be enlightened by the insights provided by Moore’s nearly one hundred interviewees.

The author’s website is stephenlmoore.com

—Henry Zeybel

Seed of Endurance by Rudy Cooper and Rosemary Wilkinson

Sgt. Maj. Rudy Cooper earned three Combat Infantryman Badges—in the Second World War, Korea, and Vietnam—along with many wounds. None of his wounds was as traumatic as the damage he suffered when his main and reserve parachutes failed to deploy during a nine-hundred-foot jump. That happened just twelve days before his scheduled retirement.

Cooper survived that fall. With Rosemary Wilkinson, he writes about his thirty years in the Army in Seed of Endurance: An Autobiography of SGM Rudy Cooper’s Military and Personal Life (Old Mountain Press, 285 pp., $20.00, paper).

I found the last third of Cooper’s book to be its most interesting. That’s where Cooper describes his almost continuous Southeast Asia service between 1965 and 1972. No regular U.S. combat units were in country when he reached Vietnam with the Special Forces in 1965. Americans were advisors to CIDG Strikers at Don Phuc, smack up against the Cambodian border, and on the Plain of Reeds, where Cooper worked.

The CIDGs’ task was to interdict Viet Cong forces. Cooper chose to accompany mainly night forays into the field rather than administrate. He operated from air boats, helicopters, and an O-1 Bird Dog. When necessary, he exceeded his advisory role to protect his own life or the lives of men lacking combat savvy. The missions found and destroyed a big VC aid station, a large-scale print shop for producing propaganda, and a mine and booby trap factory.

Rudy Cooper spent 1967 in Thailand teaching counterinsurgency tactics to Thai soldiers. In 1969, he returned to Vietnam as part of MACV SOG, which conducted highly classified SF operations in Cambodia. In 1971, Cooper was sent to Lop Buri, Thailand, on a special assignment that paralleled clandestine CIA activities in Laos. For that clandestine job, personnel had no rank and wore civilian clothes.

All of which is not to say that Cooper had it easy in his previous two wars. For him, Vietnam produced many flashbacks to his experiences in Europe and Korea.

The Second World War actions of Cooper and his life-long friend Clarence Ruff reminded me of the plight of Bill Mauldin’s Willie and Joe. With the barest necessities and envious of their officers, Cooper and Ruff defeated better-armed German soldiers. With Ruff driving and Cooper manning a 37-mm gun and .50-caliber machine gun in an M-8 armored car, they shot everything in their path.

From 1943-45 as members of the 805th “Hellcats” Tank Destroyer Battalion, Cooper and Ruff fought across North Africa and then made an epic combat journey up the Italian peninsula: Anzio, Casino, Rome, the Po Valley. All the while, they maintained constant surveillance for wine and women, usually finding their share of both.

Disenchanted with post-war civilian life, Cooper enlisted in the Regular Army in 1947, and became a Counterintelligence Agent in Vienna. When the Korean War began, combat proved irresistible. In 1951, he took a short discharge and reenlisted for assignment with the infantry in Korea.

Cooper’s episodes about Korea are spellbinding. His writing captures the absolute nightmare of the impersonal dispersion of death. His Infantryman is a hopeless victim of violence, as well as a god emerging from virtually limitless destruction. Cooper’s descriptions of battle overwhelm the imagination. He damns the political machinations surrounding peace talks and labels them “a cruel addition to the war,” providing momentary hope that repeatedly morphed into greater violence.

In the years between the Korean and Vietnam wars, Cooper often served as an administrator, a role he detested. Reflecting on the monotony of peacetime, he recalls the antics of bored SF troops, including pranks such as disrupting a retreat ceremony with booby-trapped trip wires and smoke grenades.

Rudy Cooper provides minimal details about his personal life. Rosemary Wilkinson was a devoted friend and was by his side for twenty years and helped him write this book. Cooper had two sons and two daughters. At early ages, the sons died in accidents.

Sgt. Maj. Rudy Cooper died in 2008, two years after he finished writing Seed of Endurance.

—Henry Zeybel